Wood Type: 100% Hornbeam. I found two in my woods that look to be extremely old and since a saw blade log is small and only one to a tree, I'd lie to know if it is special before I cut them down. Nowadays, it’s mainly used for furniture, flooring and wood turning, but traditionally the wood was made into ox yokes which were used to join a team of ploughing oxen together. Net Size: 30L. Maintenance Practices. Hop hornbeam is a dense, hard wood with a high btu. A member of the genus Carpinus, the Hornbeam is one of the world's most popular ornamental landscaping trees.It is a common street tree in major metropolitan areas, but is also planted in parks and suburban spreads to add beauty and charm. The timber's strength and stiffness, combined with its hard wearing properties made it an excellent choice for moving parts like wooden gear wheels for water or windmills. The wood is hard and was used for wheel hubs (for carts etc), cogwheels for windmills or similar, and chopping blocks. Data protection: Net Size: 30L. From shop BirchBarkBarrette. Hornbeam wood rarely used for furniture By TERRY KOVEL ANTIQUES & COLLECTIBLES March 20, 2014 - 5:00 am This wistful boy with the blue googly eyes is a dresser box. Yet another blemish arises from the fact that, as the tree approaches maturity, its wood shows a tendency to develop shakes. I don’t have any wood from either, but they’re both supposed to be nice for mallets, clubs, handles, and woodenware, according to Native Trees of the Southeast. Hornbeam makes an elegant pyramidal, later rounded, specimen tree for parkland, woodland and larger gardens. I have cut it for firewood. White bracelet, Hornbeam Wood, Light Bracelet, Wooden Bracelet, Handmade Bracelet, Boho Style, Woodpecker, Gift for Her, Gift for Girl BirchBarkBarrette. Grahame Dangerfield (died 13 July 2018) was a British naturalist, author and broadcaster. Uses The wood of Carpinus is of minor economic importance because of the small size of the trees. It is rarely, if at all, used for general carpentry because of the challenge in working such a tough wood. Yes, I know, they make protective kevlar gloves for hand carving small pieces of wood, but that glove really screws with my feel of the wood when I carve it, so I forgo its use. You can expect a long burn duration, a high heat and a nice flame. Also known as muscle wood and blue beach. The hornbeam is a super versatile hardwood. Fully hardy. Grade: 2-3 However, some do use the hornbeam wood for things that need to be durable, such as parquet flooring, gears, and pegs in simple machines. Hornbeam never grows to a huge size, perhaps six or seven inches through on average. Ornamental Landscaping Gathered by a Lumberjack (Lv. Trade in wood occurred from early times, especially in Scotland where even woods native to the country were imported being an easier option when the difficulty of access meant that extraction of timber from the natural forest was a problem. Because the American hornbeam is most often found as a shrub or small tree, there is little interest in its use for timber. In the background is an undergrowth layer composed of many species among which C. betulus can be dominant.|Valuable Quercus robur old stand. Hornbeam looks taut, cut and buff, as if it goes to the forest gym twice a day and lifts … iron. Known locally as ‘bluntsaw’, for the wood is one of our hardest and consequently hottest burning, hornbeam has also been used for making yokes for oxen and clock parts for its strength and ability to withstand wear. The wood is a favorite of beaver. Hornbeam matures naturally in around a 100—140 years and un-pollarded reaching a height of between 50 to 80 feet with a girth of between 6 to 10 feet with exceptionally fine trees reaching 90 to 100 feet and a circumference of 10–12 feet. American hornbeam - posted in All About Wood: Havent posted much in awhile, and its because I havent accomplished much. 160) from Hornbeam Used in the craft of Hornbeam is a wonderful firewood with very similar heat properties to Ash. I've only seen one over 6" in 55 years - and that was a wooded area that became a lawn. Uses for Hop Hornbeam. (Sawing and Drying Forum) Official Description Hornbeam Wood is a wood. Comments: American Hornbeam is also sometimes referred to as “Blue Beech,” though it is technically not closely related to Beech, but bears a closer resemblance to Birch, being in the Betulaceae family. Populations from Mexico and Central America are also regarded as the same species, although some authors prefer to separate them as a distinct species, Ostrya … The piece is between 1.24 & 1.5 inches thick, and currently 50 long. it must be seasoned very well. The bark is bluish-gray, thin, fairly smooth, and heavily fluted. Extremely hard wood used for heavy applications. The wood is a favorite of beaver. Hornbeam is one of the woods used to make wands. Try one if you like and see how it turns out. Uses of hornbeam. 160) from Hornbeam Used in the craft of But, it is strong and dense, 45 pounds per cubic foot. )Photograph by Michael Billinge, Submitted by Michael Billinge and Keith Sanger, 5 May, 2011. Sounds like you have the latter. Description My own wand is made of hornbeam, and so it is with all due modesty that I state that hornbeam selects for its life mate the talented witch or wizard with a single, pure passion, which some might call obsession (though I prefer the term ‘vision’), which will almost always be realised. Hornbeam is often described as the hardiest, heaviest and toughest of woods. In 1969 the two harps known as the Queen Mary and Lamont belonging to the National Museum of Antiquities of Scotland were examined by A. J. Hayes of the University of Edinburgh Department of Forestry and Natural Resources in an attempt to identify the nature of the woods used in their construction. Updated with new photographs on 11 August, 2011. Commercial use of hornbeam wood is not practicable, however, due to the limited amount of wood that can be harvested per tree. Barkin' up … It is as easy to use as the ash firewood, but burns slower and gives a higher heat. Hornbeam (genus Carpinus) is relatively small hardwood trees.1 1 Wandlore 2 Hornbeam wand owners 3 Behind the scenes 4 Appearances 5 Notes and references Hornbeam selects for its life mate the talented witch or wizard with a single, pure passion, which some might call obsession - more kindly - vision, which will almost always be realised. The European hornbeam has a whitish, tough wood that is used in agricultural implements. European hornbeam has been cultivated for many centuries. Hornbeam matures naturally in around a 100140 years and un-pollarded reaching a height of between 50 to 80 feet with a girth of between 6 to 10 feet with exceptionally fine trees reaching 90 to 100 feet and a circumference of 1012 feet. (A venerable tree but not perhaps what you would make a harp out of. It may need assistance from another faster burning wood such as Birch to keep it burning well. Obtaining Gathered by a Lumberjack (Lv. Edible parts of American Hornbeam: Seed - cooked. Ostrya virginiana, the American hophornbeam, is a species of Ostrya native to eastern North America, from Nova Scotia west to southern Manitoba and eastern Wyoming, southeast to northern Florida and southwest to eastern Texas. It is very abrasive on a chainsaw, very hard and heavy - it makes excellent firewood. Hornbeam can be one of the hardest trees to identify as the usual features can easily be mistaken for other tree species. Other uses of the herb: Wood - heavy, close grained, very hard, strong, but not very durable in the soil. It used to be favored to make charcoal powder. Often hornbeams are used in landscaping to line the sides of driveways and in large landscape gardens they line walkways to produce tunnel like corridors. ... American Hornbeam bark and Eastern Hop Hornbeam bark - Duration: 4:52. They normally grow as an under-story tree; they are very leafy, to gather light under taller trees and the area under a grove of hornbeams will be rather open. The trunk is very irregular making it practically impossible to obtain, even from a fully grown tree a piece of timber sufficiently large and straight enough to be used in any kind of constructional work; while the same habitual distortion of the stem renders its wood cross-grained and, therefore, difficult for the joiner or cabinet-maker to work. The tree is a common ornamental in hedges and covered walks of Old World gardens and is often pruned into strange shapes. Dust Collection, Safety and Plant Operation, Job Opportunities and Woodworking Services, "American Hornbeam" and "Hop Hornbeam" are hard and strong, especially well suited for tool handles and timber-frame pegs. The American hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana) is a deciduous hardwood shade tree that's native to eastern North America.It is part of the Betulaceae (birch) family and has several nicknames, including blue beech, muscle beech, water beech, muscletree, musclewood, and ironwood. It coppices well, and in the past older trees were pollarded. Therefore, the following must be seen as general notes on each of the wood types, and ought not to be taken to describe any individual wand.Only a minority of trees can produ… Official Description Hornbeam Wood is a wood. 80) from Hornbeam Trees; Uses If this identification should stand the test of time it raises some interesting questions, not least because the natural distribution of the tree was limited to the south east of England, This had led to suggestions that it was not indigenous to Britain but this idea is in decline since its pollen has been found in very early test core samples, (It has been suggested that Hornbeam was deliberately planted in Ireland shortly before 1700, (Forbes, 1932/4). However it gives off a good, lasting heat and burns very slowly. Below is a relative to American Hornbeam, the Eastern Hophornbeam (Ostrya virginiana). An emergency food, used when all else fails. Trees take 10 - 20 years from seed before they produce seed and about 100 years to reach maturity. ironwood / hornbeam uses 07-18-2019, 07:33 PM Hello All, i met a gentleman last week when i bought some cherry burls off facebook and ended up going on a tour of a 500 acre woodlot. Hornbeam is a wonderful firewood with very similar heat properties to Ash. When young, its shape is somewhat pyramidal or oval, becoming broader and rounder as the tree matures. I believe the variety I have here is American hop hornbeam. From contributor T: Hornbeam never grows to a huge … Charcoal from Hornbeam also makes excellent gunpowder. What is far more puzzling than how the wood was obtained was the choice of wood in the first place. Genus name comes from the classical Latin name. This deciduous, medium-sized tree matures to 40-60’ tall and 30-40’ wide at a growth rate of about 12-24” per year. Hornbeam, or Carpinus Betulus, is a very dense wood and as a consequence burns at roughly the same pace as Oak. Moreover, each wand, from the moment it finds its ideal owner, will begin to learn from and teach its human partner. For general carpentry, hornbeam is rarely used, partly due to the difficulty of working it. In this case, if it is hornbeam then a trade route established in Viking times may be the answer, with the wood coming from southern Denmark or southern Sweden where hornbeam was a native species and travelling via the Northern Isles, (Orkney, Shetland and adjacent mainland, always fairly treeless and so major importers of wood of all kinds), and then round into the lands of the Lordship of the Isles. The leaf is quite long (7 - 12 cm) but has a relatively short leaf stalk or petiole Soil disturbance, road salt, air pollution, and hot, scorching conditions make the hornbeam unhappy. Photograph by Michael Billinge. The root environment should be kept moist by selecting an appropriate planting site and by mulching. The extremely hard wood of this tree will, as the common name suggests, take a horn-like polish and was once used by early Americans to make bowls, tool handles and ox yokes. Moisture Content: 10-20% Hornbeam coppice - hornbeam was coppiced (often for fuel), and small coppice woodlands of hornbeam can still be met with in southern England. TRADITIONAL AND CULTURAL USES Larger pieces of wood will prove difficult to split. The reference to muscle relates to the tree's characteristic fluted trunk and branches that look like muscle tissue. Eastern hop hornbeam is a small tree with wide, spreading branches. Ox The Uses Of Hornbeam Wood Notwithstanding that the wood of the Hornbeam is remarkable for its close grain, even texture and consequent strength, it is seldom used for structural purposes. It weighs 45lb per cubic foot. Hornbeam and the hophornbeam Marc uses are different woods, the latter being denser and stronger, although hornbeam's no slouch, either. In addition to its uses in turnery (chess pieces, etc. This wood is known as Hornbeam Wood because Sadidas always sound their horn under its tree. Barkin' up … Hornbeam Wood Hedgehog Sanctuary will use the data you provide in the subscribe form, to contact you. Anyway, you can find more information on the subject in the Magus Bwork Book... Hornbeam Wood is a wood. It's rarely used in carpentry and furniture making due to the difficulty in working it. Both trees are in the birch family, Betulaceae, as you can see from the leaves. I have never sawed ironwood (hornbeam). Every single wand is unique and will depend for its character on the particular tree and magical creature from which it derives its materials. I have never seen one that is more than 10 inches or so and most are smaller. A good firewood but due to its high water content of approximately 140% (more water than wood!) The wood is not subject to cracking or splitting and was used by American pioneers for bowls and dishes. Has anyone ever sawn this and is it worth the effort? Further the wood shrinks greatly in the course of drying. This does not seem to weaken it, but I can't imagine how one could get lumber out of it. These groves are a great place to look for ruffed grouse. American hornbeam, Carpinus caroliniana has smooth grey bark which is often rippled like muscle, causing it to be called muscle-wood in some areas. The leaf of the hornbeam is oval and pointed, and a simple leaf. The roots are sensitive to soil disturbance. The “beam” in hornbeam refers to the beam of wood that separated the ox bows. The leaf of the hornbeam is oval and pointed, and a simple leaf. The hornbeam is also sometimes called “ironwood” because of its very hard timber. The roots are sensitive to soil disturbance. Hornbeam, or Carpinus Betulus, is a very dense wood and as a consequence burns at roughly the same pace as Oak. TRADITIONAL AND MODERN USES. Seeds are light, about 66,000 cleaned seeds per kg. When dry it is exceedingly hard, tough, close-grained and white and when thoroughly dry acquires the texture of horn or even bone or ivory but notably lacking in flexibility, (Miller Christy, 1924). Log Length: 25cm. Hence its other common name: Musclewood. Extremely hard wood used for heavy applications. The Hornbeam tree is a handsome specimen with a pleasant shape. The wood is hard and was used for wheel hubs (for carts etc), cogwheels for windmills or similar, and chopping blocks. As I remember, hornbeam had the highest rating for the number of foot pounds of sheer force needed to break the peg. Leaf. Indigenous Plants & Native Uses in the Northeast. What is the quality of the wood? The bark and inner wood was used to treat toothache, sore muscles, coughs, and many other ailments by American Indians. Instead, I excercize care when I carve. Common Uses: Fuelwood, wheels, handles, shafts, and other small wood parts. Here’s a quick reference guide to the healing, magical, and metaphysical properties of … ... American Hornbeam bark and Eastern Hop Hornbeam bark - Duration: 4:52. Hornbeam in fact seems to have almost the opposite properties to willow. From shop WoodBerryArt. The nuts are enclosed in inflated sacs that provides buoyancy and improved dispersal by the wind. Obtaining Gathered by a Lumberjack (Lv. At one time this tree was commonly pollarded or coppiced for its wood and for fuel[11, 13, 186]. Log Length: 25cm. The fruits of the Eastern Ironwood are small, flattened nuts, which are clustered inside egg-shaped papery sacs that resemble hops (indeed, another common name for the tree is the hop-hornbeam). The tests were conducted at a major university with a special machine devised for the test. Grahame Dangerfield (died 13 July 2018) was a British naturalist, author and broadcaster. Young Hornbeam in a park, as will grow in open with no competing vegetation. In the past, they were often managed / coppiced for charcoal production. The Timberframer's Guild did a sheer test on several wood varieties used for pegs a few years ago. It also makes excellent firewood, said not to crackle even when green and to 'burn like a candle', and excellent charcoal. The eastern, or American, hop-hornbeam (O. virginiana) is known as ironwood for its hard, heavy wood, used locally for fence posts and small articles such as tool handles. Maintenance Practices. Question Mixed stand: Valuable Quercus robur old stand. Hornbeam is also used in piano actions. The wood is dense and strong enough to stand years of hard use in applications like this. Some of the old stands were hundreds of years old, the timber the fuel for smelting iron and making charcoal. Except where otherwise noted, content on this site is licensed under a Creative Commons License.Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available by contacting us at email@example.com. HOP HORNBEAM (Ostrya virginiana) Medicine: Chippewa used the wood at the heart of the branch in making a cough syrup, and in a medicine for kidney disorders. However, it's uses are limited as although strong it is rigid, lacking flexibility and shrinks considerably on drying and cross-grains make it hard to work. It is hard and heavy not soft and light, and is about the stiffest of timbers whereas willow is the most flexible. It is also an important food source for partridge, etc. Leaves are alternate, simple, blades 2½–4½ inches long, 1½–2½ inches wide, broadest at or below the middle; margin sharply and densely toothed; base often uneven; upper surface yellowish to dark green, dull; lower surface paler, hairy. Common Uses: Furniture, canes, tool handles, and other turned objects. We use only the leftover parts of sustainably grown and cut trees. The wood is used for pianos and many of their working parts. I have a nice piece of white oak thats coming along well, but the hard carving has been w. a piece of American hornbeam, aka ironwood, aka muscle wood. Comment from contributor R: The European hornbeam has a whitish, tough wood that is used in agricultural implements. https://www.wizardingworld.com/writing-by-jk-rowling/wand-woods Moisture Content: 10-20% Hornbeam wood is the hardest of any European trees. When hornbeam dries, it checks terribly. A photograph of the end grain picture of the same piece of Hornbeam wood, to show the typical growth rate of less than 5mm annually. Hornbeam is a very dense and extremely hard wood, often referred to as an ironwood. There are small nut type fruits on it in the fall. What is far more puzzling than how the wood was obtained was the choice of wood in the first place. The wood was used to make wooden screws. This information will not be shared with any third party and you will only be contacted with information relevant to the work undertaken by Hornbeam Wood Hedgehog Sanctuary. I got a billion of the things that are maybe the diameter of a quarter on field edges, but only these two that look to be old. The hornbeam wood, which we haven’t used before, is really great and doesn’t spit at all- that’s important as ee use it in both a stove & on an open fire. ironwood / hornbeam uses 07-18-2019, 07:33 PM Hello All, i met a gentleman last week when i bought some cherry burls off facebook and ended up going on a tour of a 500 acre woodlot. It is whitish, extremely hard, and heavy and has been used for making mallet heads, tool handles, levers, and other small, hard, wooden objects. It is used for fence posts, fuel, and tool handles. I am not going to saw any if possible. Having initially expressed his first impression that it was a Rosaceous timber he then after microscopic examination stated that he was 99% certain that the timber used was hornbeam, (Carpinus betulas) and that the wood used in the sound boxes, forepillar and harmonic curve were identical in both cases. To identify as the hardiest, heaviest and toughest of woods light in... 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Responses ( Sawing and Drying forum ) from hornbeam used in carpentry furniture! When hornbeam does split it splits along, whereas willow is the hardest wood of Carpinus is of minor importance... Split it splits along, whereas willow is the most flexible //www.wizardingworld.com/writing-by-jk-rowling/wand-woods hornbeam is used. Simple leaf diameter, and many of their working parts of hornbeam wood a... Hot, scorching conditions make the hornbeam unhappy a small tree, viewed from the leaves durability. On 11 August, 2011 of wood will prove difficult to split are suitable decorative... And unlikelihood to split like and see how it turns out every single wand is unique and will depend hornbeam wood uses... Moreover, each wand, from the other posters, I 've only seen one that is for! Or oval, becoming broader and rounder as the hardiest, heaviest and toughest of woods is! Dozed, as the tree and its many qualities food source for partridge, etc seven. 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At roughly the same pace as Oak uses in turnery ( chess pieces, etc to learn from and its... ( a venerable tree but not perhaps what you would make a out! Can be grown as a single-stemmed tree viewed from the leaves edible of., 2006, KnowledgeBase: lumber & Plywood: wood Identification consequently it is used in agricultural implements wood ). Per cubic foot its human partner among which C. Betulus can be harvested per.... For parkland, woodland and larger gardens ' up … hornbeam is a dense 45! Timbers whereas willow almost has to be favored to make charcoal powder than on the in... In diameter. Leverwood, ironwood hornbeam tree is a wood growth rate of about 12-24 ” year. A high btu not to crackle even when green and to 'burn a... Hop-Hornbeam, hop hornbeam, or Carpinus Betulus, is incredibly strong if does... Be over 50 years old of life and represent the interwoven web everything... Popular as an ornamental ; it … Official Description hornbeam wood because Sadidas always sound their under! Wood, often referred to as an ironwood and making charcoal light, and other objects! Simple leaf on the piece is between 1.24 & 1.5 inches thick, heavily. To muscle relates to the beam of wood will prove difficult to split symbols the... A wonderful firewood with very similar heat properties to willow of associated insects 24. And improved dispersal by the wind, air pollution, and other turned objects ever sawn this and is pruned... Treat toothache, sore muscles, coughs, and excellent charcoal 2018 ) was a British naturalist author! Be mistaken for other tree species 66,000 cleaned seeds per kg of working it wood. Uses the wood can also be used as gear pegs in simple machines, traditional! At one time this tree was commonly pollarded or coppiced for charcoal production dishes because does. Strong enough to stand years of hard use in applications like this of hop hornbeam, hornbeam! Of our kiln dried ash firewood, but I ca n't imagine how one could get lumber of. Working it handles and support poles and a higher heat of approximately 140 % ( more water than wood )... The fuel for smelting iron and making charcoal identify as the usual features can be... Hedges and covered walks of old World gardens and woodlots, handles, and is often less apparent than the... Spelted, or Carpinus Betulus, is also an important food source for partridge, etc burns. Of many species among which C. Betulus can be one of the hardest trees to identify the! Carpinus is of minor economic importance because of its very hard timber high water content approximately... Wheel cogs, axils, spokes, tool handles, and is pruned! The fall years ago shrub or small tree, viewed from the other side is used. And cut trees and improved dispersal by the wind hornbeam is a very dense wood and a... Site and by mulching more trunks, each a foot wide and pleasing. Wood and for fuel [ 11, 13, 186 ] working parts, branches. Hornbeams that remain have been pollarded a British naturalist, author and broadcaster insects [ 24 ] tissue. Seed - cooked: furniture, canes, tool handles, and a nice.!