Pyramidal shape with branches that droop … Cupressina Norway spruce (Picea abies 'Cupressina'):  A narrow cultivar growing 25 to 30 feet high and 6 feet wide; more tolerant of heavy snow loads. – spruce Species: Picea abies (L.) Karst. Norway spruce is a large, pyramidal tree with long, cylindrical cones that hang like ornaments from the weeping branches against the dark green foliage. The needles are smooth and stiff with a pointed tip. Susceptible to cytospora canker and Rhizosphaera needle cast.Spider mites and bagworm can also be problems. Hardiness Zones: 3 - 7. The study shows that smaller spacing allowed for denser growth … It will continue to grow rapidly to a mature height of 50 feet. It is a dwarf, evergreen shrub with stiff, prickly, green to bluish-green, ½ inch needles and a neat, dense, compact shape. The branches arch up in a swooping manner and it’s foliage hangs. The typical growth rate is about 1-2 inches per year and may attain 6 foot in 20 years from a 3 foot planting. Disease resistant, hardy and an ideal windbreak. Use enter to activate. This plant has no children Legal Status. Nice pyramidal form and dark green needles makes it a favorite. By Pamela Doan. This plant has some cultivated varieties. Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. Siberian spruce is known to be … A million members, donors, and partners support our programs to make our world greener and healthier. Due to its high economic and cultural value, Norway Spruce … View Map. Picea abies - Norway Spruce is one of the nicest evergreens you can plant. Cones are cylindrical, 4 to 6 inches long, purplish-green changing to light brown as they ripen. Growth Rate: Medium to Fast. Can be planted on a wide variety of sites. Once fertilized, they gradually turn downward. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Norway Spruce Trees - Photos by Paul Wray, Iowa State University . The female flowers are reddish-pink and upright on the tips of the branches, Once pollinated, the flowers turn green and hang downward as cones ripen. Coming in second with an average growth rate of 30 inches annually, the Norway spruce has an impressive yet manageable height between 40 and 60 feet. Our communities. They are important as winter cover for deer and small game including grouse, hare and woodcock. Outward spreading branches create a slight depression in the center of this flat-topped plant, giving rise to the name, “bird’s nest.”  Cones are seldom produced. The four-sided needles are  ½  to 1 inch long. Browse the curated collection and add your voice! Generally, most spruce trees have a slow growth habit and average between 6” and 11” (15 – 29 cm) per year. This tree grew in Eurasia, the Black Forest and other parts of the continent long before making its way to Norway … During its 500-year life, a Sitka spruce will reach between 160 and 220 feet, with 60-inches-per-year growth rate until it reaches maturity. The Norway Spruce can be expected to grow in the temperature extremes of zones three – seven shown in this arborday.org hardiness zone map. As people emigrated, they often brought trees with them from the Old Country to plant as ornamentals on new homesteads. : A 12 to 15 foot high and wide upright, narrow tree with weeping habit. Building the urban forest for 2050. Does poorly in shade conditions. Because of its potential size, Norway spruce is often used as a windbreak, screen or large hedge in large-scale landscapes. Other species of spruce—notably the Norway spruce (Picea abies) and Sitka … The Norway Spruce Container Grown is the fastest growing of the spruce family and makes a great windbreaker because of its strong branches. The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. Growth Rate This tree grows at a medium to fast rate, with height increases of anywhere from 13" to more than 24" per year. Best planted in full sun. The Norway is a best seller because of its look, growth rate, wind resistance and tolerance of harsh conditions. The Norway spruce hails from Europe. Description The Norway Spruce is the fastest growing Spruce tree, with a growth rate of over 2 feet per year. Often used as a specimen plant in a mixed border. Because of its potential size, Norway spruce is often used as a windbreak, screen or large hedge in large-scale landscapes. The Norway Spruce is a fast growing Spruce tree. This form is more rounded than that of Bird’s Nest Spruce. Old Tjikko, a clone of Norway spruce is believed to be 9, 550 years old, being the oldest living tree in the world. … The bark of a young tree is thin and thickens into gray-brown flaky scales as the tree matures. Picea abies, commonly called Norway spruce, is a large pyramidal evergreen conifer that is native to the mountains of northern and central Europe east to the Urals.In its native … Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. A great evergreen tree for use in landscapes, and as windbreaks. The Norway spruce (P. abies) grows from100 to 150 feet tall with a 20-foot spread. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. This tree grows at a medium to fast rate, with height increases of anywhere from 13" to more than 24" per year. Readily available at most local nurseries in the typical range of the Norway spruce. Its wood is used for structural lumber, paper production, and specialty products like tonewood for string instruments. The Norway Spruce is a fast growing (2-3’ per year) evergreen that has dark green needles that are 1 … From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. Picea abies 'Pendula' - Weeping Norway Spruce - an irregularly-shaped, semi-weeping, specimen treeform plant, ranging from 10' to 15' tall with one or more terminal branches that flare horizontally outward then develop branchlets that weep, often staked during propagation and early growth … Develops strong graceful branches that are covered with dark green needles. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Some years ago I had a customer arrive with a dwarf Alberta spruce … Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. Norway spruce growth is exceptional. Full sun is the ideal condition for this tree, meaning it should get at least six hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day. Best planted in full sun. Our future. – Norway spruce Subordinate Taxa. Reader question: I planted several Colorado spruce and Norway spruce a few years ago. The number of the tree’s synonym crosses 150. Does poorly in shade conditions. Special features: Bird Friendly , Compact Form , Dwarf Plant , Easy Care , Year-round Interest Yields light brown, stiffly scaled, 4–6" cones that sit upright on the branch until fertilized. … Within its native range, Norway spruce remains healthy up to 200 years, and lives up to 300 to 400 … use escape to move to top level menu parent. A very popular tree used for reforestation due to fast growth rate… The following menu has 3 levels. A large pyramidal conifer, … Page 4 of 4 Environmental stress Norway spruce (Picea abies), and its cultivars grow well in theSaint Louis area if planted and maintained properly. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. With a branch spread of 25 feet across, landscape designers will often arrange Norway spruces to provide privacy and wind blockage fo… The very shallow, spreading root system benefits from a 3 to 4 inch layer of organic mulch to moderate soil temperature and conserve moisture. This dwarf cultivar grows  3 to 4 feet high and 4 to 5 feet wide. The Norway spruce grows in acidic, loamy, moist, sandy, well-drained and clay soils. Acrocona Norway spruce (Picea abies 'Acrocona'):  This cultivar has a broad-spreading pyramidal form and may top out at 20 feet high. The Norway Spruce has lustrous dark green needles which are 1/2 to 1" long and maintain their dark green color all winter. The Norway spruce grows to a height of 40–60' and a spread of 25–30' at maturity. The Norway spruce grows to a height of 40–60' and a spread of 25–30' at maturity. Wetland … Have tree and plant questions? Its bark is reddish brown and somewhat scaly. GROWTH RATE: Intermediate HxW@10 Years: 5'x3' Sun Exposure: Sun/Part Shade Common Name: Cobra Norway Spruce Latin Name: Picea abies 'Cobra' Hardiness Zone: Zones 4-8 Related Products. ... Click the button below to add the Picea abies 'Cobra' _ Norway Spruce … Special features: Bird Friendly , Easy Care , Year-round Interest This form is more rounded than that of Bird’s Nest Spruce. The Sitka spruce dwarfs its cousins in maximum attainable height and rate of growth. Growth Rate… And since it's a dense tree that easily … However, other species, such as, the popular Colorado blue spruce … Norway Spruce has long been prized for forest products for its strong wood and rapid growth rate. RECOMMENDED HARDINESS ZONES: 3 (-30 to -40 F / -34.4 to -40 C) HORTICULTURAL STATUS: RHS Accepted Genus COLOR: Medium Green GROWTH SHAPE: Broad Upright or Oval GROWTH … Does poorly in shade conditions. This sun-loving, 50- to 80-foot-high tree is often used as windbreaks, screens, or hedges in large-scale landscapes. (may grow to 75 feet in 50 years). Older plantations varied in range from 5-by-5 feet up to 15-by-15 feet square. Norway Spruce is extremely adaptable and very cold hardy. Matures at 60'; 25' spread. It is not a tree for smaller yards.The very shallow, spreading root system benefits from a 3 to 4 inch layer of organic mulch to moderate soil temperature and conserve moisture.Best planted in full sun. The norway spruce can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 3–7. Noteworthy Characteristics. The branches may drupe slightly at the tips, giving … ... Growth Rate… This strong evergreen tree is extremely cold hardy and easy to grow. While the trees seem to be doing fine and are covered in new growth right now, two of the Norway spruce … Dwarf Norway Spruce (Picea abies ‘Pumila’ ): This dwarf cultivar grows  3 to 4 feet high and 4 to 5 feet wide. Norway spruce trees support a wide variety of wildlife. For starters, the Norway Spruce Tree can grow to a large height in as little as three years. Bright red female cones are produced at the ends of the branches. Spider mites and bagworm can also be problems. The cones produced by this conifer are relatively long at 4 to 6". Norway Spruce Features. Ideal windbreaker. And while this species does grow in Norway, the name is a bit of a misnomer. Go to list of cultivars. Fastest growing of the spruces. (zones 3-7). The very shallow, spreading root system benefits from a 3 to 4 inch layer of organic mulch to moderate soil temperature and conserve moisture. Growth rate: Slow Average landscape size: Slow growing; reaches 3 to 4 ft. tall, 3 to 6 ft. wide. Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. Weeping Norway Spruce (Picea abies 'Pendula' ): A 12 to 15 foot high and wide upright, narrow tree with weeping habit. It has some drought tolerance. Small male flowers are pinkish-red and clustered along the stems. Outward spreading branches create a slight depression in the center of this flat-topped plant, giving rise to the name, “bird’s nest.”  Cones are seldom produced. Early growth of Norway spruce is slow, increasing to maximal rates from 20 to 60 years of age [ 42, 50 ]. Features dark green needles that are roughly ½–1" in length and feel square when rolled between your fingers. Norway spruce also makes a good roosting tree for hawks and owls. Bird’s Nest Norway spruce (Picea abies ‘Nidiformis’ ): This cultivar is much smaller than the species (3 to 6 feet high and wide). It is not a tree for smaller yards. Song birds and fur bearers also frequent these forest types. Growth Habit: Tree: Native Status: CAN I L48 I: Characteristics ... Picea A. Dietr. It is a dwarf, evergreen shrub with stiff, prickly, green to bluish-green, ½ inch needles and a neat, dense, compact shape. Our trees. The trees grow relatively fast – up to 2 feet (.6 m.) a year – and their crowns develop a pyramid shape. This tree can grow to nearly 60 feet tall. And while this species does grow in Norway, the name is a bit of a misnomer. The Norway Spruce is our favorite and best large evergreen for windbreaks in the eastern 2/3 of America. The Norway spruce hails from Europe. Based on a 1936 report from Harvard, the recommended planting distance of Norway spruce has not changed significantly. These trees that grow fast grow approximately three feet per year and need room on either side to spread out. Growth Rate This tree grows at a medium to fast rate, with height increases of anywhere from 13" to more than 24" per year. Mature Shape: Pyramidal with branches that … This tree grew in Eurasia, the Black Forest and other parts of the continent long before making its way to Norway around 500 B.C. Green Giant Arborvitae (Thuja Standishii X Plicata … The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. Norway Spruce trees do take up a lot of room. Picea abies / Norway spruce. Often used as a specimen plant in a mixed border. Norway Spruce has stiff dark green needled foliage, with a very densely branched growth habit. Stop by, email, or call. Growth Rate: Moderate to fast, especially when young. Growth rate: Slow Average landscape size: Slow growing; reaches 3 to 4 ft. tall, 12 to 15 ft. wide, in natural form. 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