bearberry (aka kinnikinnick) black currant. “The most important distinction is in the berries, which are whitish, waxy, hairless and hang in loose, grape-like clusters – quite unlike the berries of the edible sumacs. Again, red berries, good. Fruit. See more ideas about Sumac, Sumac recipes, Wild edibles. Poison sumac, or Toxicodendron vernix, produces white-colored fruits, as opposed to the red-hued fruit produced by the edible sumac plant. The berries are turned into a coarse powder and sold as a ground spice; the berries are also available whole, although this is much less common in the U.S. Sumac is a versatile seasoning that adds a bright red color and a tartness, similar to lemon juice, to a dish. 6 Sumac Health benefits: Sumac. The leaf edges of poison sumac are smooth, while those of the edible eastern sumacs are toothed. berry is reddish, hairy, and has lemony taste. ... sumac. Sumac Berries Health Benefits. The Navajo Indians used this to make a sumac lemonade flavored iced tea, minus the lemon. Mitton: Smooth sumac’s deep red berries are edible, but its leaves poisonous Plant was an important source of food, medicine, weaving materials and dyes I use dried sumac in hefty quantities alongside mint in a ground meat and rice dish eaten with plain yogurt. Not only do the dried and ground berries of the edible Rhus species add wonderful lemony flavor to meat and vegetable dishes, research suggests that food-grade sumac may also be good for you. Author: Hilda I am a backyard forager who likes to share recipes using the wild edibles of our area. The sumac used in za’atar, while not our native staghorn sumac, is a very close relative. Sumac is used to make a drink called Indian Lemonade, referring to indigenous or Native Americans. Red berries from sumac native to North America are mostly used to make a lemonade-type drink that some call it “sumac-ade.” For a pitcher of pink lemonade , use 6 to 8 clusters of berries. For more information: plants.usda.gov. Do not collect where prohibited. The leaves of poison sumac differ in being hairless and shiny with smooth margins. This fragrant spice is used to brighten up dry rubs, spice blends like za’atar, and dressings. Dangers: white sumac berries are very toxic Sumac shrubs. Made from the dried and ground berries of the wild sumac flower, sumac is a tangy spice with a sour, acidic flavor reminiscent of lemon juice. Drying staghorn sumac berries in a dehydrator, grinding them up and sifting out the fine hairs through cheesecloth gives you a similar tart product. Toxicodendron (the Poison ivy, Poison oak, Poison sumac family.) Only shrubs that are 3 to 4 years old can produce the fruit. Underside of Winged Sumac (Rhus copallinum) leaf. Home > Edible Berries of the Pacific Northwest > Sumac. The fruit ripens and becomes a maroon color from late summer to early fall. Edible sumac has red fruit borne in terminal clusters. The berries ripen in summer and tend to be wet and sticky when ripe. Closer look at sumac shrubs. Until the Romans introduced lemons to Europe, sumac was used as a spice to impart foods with a lemony tang and lovely burst of color. The tree is known for its bright red berries, and the berries of certain species—rhus glabra, rhus typhina, and rhus copallinum, notably—can be dried, ground, and used in traditional Middle Eastern and North African cooking. Sumac – A Spice with Health Benefits. By comparison, the poisonous kind are white. Staghorn sumac fruits mature from August to September. Staghorn sumac, Rhus typhina, is probably the most common in our parts and the easiest to identify with its velvety young branches resembling the velvet-textured new antlers of stags. The leaves are skinny, lance shaped. It is 43 rd on the Best Browse List. It’s famous for its Ruby color and tangy flavor. Sumac … Getting Started: Sumac is 8 th on our Fabulous Fruit List, and it is an easy beginner forager plant to collect. Each cluster of drupes can contain anywhere from 100 to 700 seeds. Just make sure the berries are in a dense, upright, red cluster. Actual poison sumac (Toxicodendron vernix) isn’t in the same genus as our edible sumac species—it’s more closely related to poison ivy and poison oak. But there are couple of safety issues to consider. I first learned of eating sumac shoots from Samuel Thayer’s wonderful book, The Forager’s Harvest (highly recommended btw). Ripe sumac (Rhus glabra) berries. But by the time I’ve turned sumac’s hairy berries into a lemony, rosy extract, the fuzz factor is gone and the result is one of my favorite wild edible plant products. Sumac has upright fruit clusters, usually red and covered in a velvet fuzz (pictured above); these clusters are called drupes. The edible sumac has terminal clusters of garnet, purse-shaped berries with a fine coating of fuzz (often gray.) Aug 15, 2018 - Explore Micayla Oaks's board "Sumac Recipes" on Pinterest. Buy Fresh Sumac from Jerusalem. This guide covers a number of edible berries in the Pacific Northwest, including Oregon, Washington, and British Columbia. And now scientists are studying the health benefits of this anti-oxidant rich spice. Sumac (pronounced (/ ˈ sj uː m æ k /) or (/ ˈ s uː m æ k /), and also spelled sumach, sumak, soumak, and sumaq) is any one of about 35 species of flowering plants in the genus Rhus and related genera, in the family Anacardiaceae.It grows in subtropical and temperate regions throughout the world, especially in East Asia, Africa, and North America. 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