One of the most famous nursing theories is Virginia Henderson’s Nursing Theory, which is also known as ‘The Needs Theory’. Henderson, V. (1966). Nursing theories: the base for professional nursing practice. Learn, discover, or satisfy the curiosity that leads to normal development and health and use the available health facilities. Henderson died on March 19, 1996 at a hospice in Branford, Connecticut, she was 98. Virginia Henderson, 98, Teacher of Nurses, Dies. She defined nursing as “the unique function of the nurse is to assist the individual, sick or well, in the performance of those activities contributing to health or its recovery that he would perform unaided if he had the necessary strength, will or knowledge. Miss Henderson is a nurse, a scientist, an artist and a quintessential human being--all traits which informed her written output. There are numerous honors and awards bestowed upon Virginia Henderson. Henderson’s work is considered a nursing theory because it contains a definition of nursing, a nurse’s role and function, and basic needs of nursing care. The theory’s definition of health is based on an individual’s ability to function independently as outlined in the fourteen components. Theoretical basis for nursing. Her most formidable achievement was a research project in which she gathered, reviewed, catalogued, classified, annotated, and cross-referenced every known piece of research on nursing published in English, resulting in the four-volume “Nursing Research: Survey and Assessment,” written with Leo Simmons and published in 1964, and her four-volume “Nursing Studies Index,” completed in 1972. Diploma in Nursing from the Army School of Nursing at Walter Reed Hospital, Washington, D.C. in 1921. Implementation of nursing care plan: It is apparent that Henderson's theory is . In McEwen, M. and Wills, E. But I go on to say that the nurse makes the patient independent of him or her as soon as possible.” The nurse is expected to carry out a physician’s therapeutic plan, but individualized care is result of the nurse’s creativity in planning for care. Nov. 21, 2020. The library, in Indianapolis, has been available in electronic form through the Internet since 1994. Although not explicitly defined in Henderson’s theory, health was taken to mean balance in all realms of human life. USA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Although not precisely explained, (2) patients desire to return to health. She was a well known nursing educator and author. Henderson’s 14 basic human needs. In 1953, she accepted a position at Yale University School of Nursing as a research associate for research project designed to survey and assess the status of nursing research in the United States. However, the impact of the definition and components has not been established through research. She defined the patient as someone who needs nursing care but did not limit nursing to illness care. She came up with the 14 basic needs. Henderson had the pioneering view that nursing stands separately from medicine and that nursing consists of more than simply following physicians' orders. In 1921, she received her Diploma in Nursing from the Army School of Nursing at Walter Reed Hospital, Washington D.C. 14 Components of Virginia Henderson’s Need Theory visually presented . Her definition of nursing and the 14 components of basic nursing care are uncomplicated and self-explanatory. The Basic Principles of Nursing (ICN, 1960) resulted from this and became one of the landmark books in nursing and is considered the 20th century equivalent of Nightingale’s Notes on Nursing. Henderson believed that the nurse should help the individual achieve independence as much as possible, and that the nurse should take a patient centered approach to nursing to be based in evidence and research. All external conditions and influences that affect life and development. Nurseslabs – NCLEX Practice Questions, Nursing Study Guides, and Care Plans, Major Concepts of the Nursing Need Theory, Nursing Theories: The Base for Professional Nursing Practice, Virginia Henderson: the first ninety years, The Nurse Theorists – Virginia Henderson Promo, Arterial Blood Gas Interpretation for NCLEX (40 Questions), Arterial Blood Gas Analysis Made Easy with Tic-Tac-Toe Method, Select All That Apply NCLEX Practice Questions and Tips (100 Items), IV Flow Rate Calculation NCLEX Reviewer & Practice Questions (60 Items), EKG Interpretation & Heart Arrhythmias Cheat Sheet. Virginia Henderson’s need theory is considered close to realism and is applicable in Pakistani context. She developed a concept of nursing from her educational and practical experiences at the age of 55 years. Gratitude in the workplace: How gratitude can improve your well-being and relationships Her ideas of nursing practice are well accepted throughout the world as a basis for nursing care. Benefits of a well-defined nursing theory includes better patient care, improved communication between nurses, enhanced professional status for nurses and guidance for research and education (Catalano, 2009). All Rights Reserved, Nursing Theories and a Philosophy of Nursing, A Statistical Look at Patient-Centered Care, Nemours Brings Nursing Opportunities to Central Florida, How Have the Sequester Cuts Affected Nursing and Health Care. The nurse should be an independent practitioner able to make independent judgments as long as he or she is not diagnosing, prescribing treatment, or making a prognosis, since those activities are the function of the physician. Please can I get the title and date of publication of Henderson’s work in which she defined nursing. She revised that edition several years later, incorporating the contributions of other nurse pioneers. Virginia Henderson received her early education at home in Virginia with her aunts, and uncle Charles Abbot, at his school for boys in the community Army School of Nursing at Walter Reed Hospital in Washington D.C. The first nine components are physiological. I will cite you and your references as well. Henderson’s Needs Theory can be applied to nursing practice as a way for nurses to set goals based on Henderson’s 14 components. She is also a member of the American Nurses Association Hall of Fame. Play or participate in various forms of recreation, Christiane Reimann Prize. These are basic needs and are applicable universally to everyone. The following year, in 1930, she was a nurse supervisor and clinical instructor at the outpatient department of Strong Memorial Hospital, Rochester, New York. Henderson’s definition of nursing states: “I say that the nurse does for others what they would do for themselves if they had the strength, the will, and the knowledge. Play or participate in various forms of recreation. Die 14 Bedürfnisse von Virginia Henderson (Model) Die Bedürfnisse von Virginia Henderson Es ist eine Theorie oder ein Modell, das den Ansatz für die Praxis der Pflege definiert. In George, J. The theory minimally discusses the impact of the community on the individual and family. (Ed.). She was a well known nursing educator and author. Nurses need to stress the promotion of health and prevention, as well as the curing of diseases. Her emphasis on basic human needs as the central focus of nursing practice has led to further theory development regarding the needs of the patient and how nursing can assist in meeting those needs. Great article. 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