[58] Apples from Himachal are exported to other Indian states and even other countries. However, the Nepali army could not capture Kangra fort which came under Maharaja Ranjeet Singh in 1809. They are protected by an extensive cover of natural vegetation.[19]. The state government has also decided to start three major nursing colleges to develop the healthcare system of the state. [112][113] The Kullu Dussehra festival is nationally known. [116][117], At the time of Independence, Himachal Pradesh had a literacy rate of 8% - one of the lowest in the country. As of 2002, the IHR is undergoing large scale irrational extraction of wild, medicinal herbs, thus endangering many of its high-value gene stock. [75] The air routes connect the state with Delhi and Chandigarh. [51], Himachal Pradesh also ranks as the second-best performing state in the country on human development indicators after Kerala. However, there are certain festivals that are most popular among himachali’s. The state has road network of 28,208 kilometres (17,528 mi),[81] including eight National Highways (NH) that constitute 1,234 kilometres (767 mi) and 19 State Highways with a total length of 1,625 kilometres (1,010 mi). The Kalka-Shimla Railway passes through many tunnels and Bridgies, while the Pathankot–Jogindernagar meanders through a maze of hills and valleys. The legislature consists of elected members and special office bearers such as the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker who are elected by the members. Hidimba Devi Temple: Famous Religious Spot Of Himachal Pradesh I visited there in February 2018 and believe me or not, it is a famous religious spot of Manali (Himachal). He was most famous and well known as “The Architect of Himachal”. The Assembly is unicameral with 68 Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLA). [9], Hindi is the official language of Himachal Pradesh and is spoken by the majority of the population as a lingua franca. Auxiliary authorities known as panchayats, for which local body elections are regularly held, govern local affairs. Himachal hosted the first Paragliding World Cup in India from 24 to 31 October in 2015. [77] The total length of these two tracks is 259 kilometres (161 mi). [91] Kangra District was top-ranked with a population strength of 1,507,223 (21.98%), Mandi District 999,518 (14.58%), Shimla District 813,384 (11.86%), Solan District 576,670 (8.41%), Sirmaur District 530,164 (7.73%), Una District 521,057 (7.60%), Chamba District 518,844 (7.57%), Hamirpur district 454,293 (6.63%), Kullu District 437,474 (6.38%), Bilaspur district 382,056 (5.57%), Kinnaur District 84,298 (1.23%) and Lahaul Spiti 31,528 (0.46%). [15] The Kols and Mundas are believed to be the original inhabitants to the hills of present-day Himachal Pradesh followed by the Bhotas and Kiratas. Additional Indo-Aryan languages spoken include Punjabi (native to 4.4% of the population), Nepali (1.3%), Chinali, Lahul Lohar, and others. [99] Himachal Pradesh has the highest proportion of Hindu population among all the states and union territories in India. [39] The districts are further divided into 69 subdivisions, 78 blocks and 145 Tehsils. The state is considered to have 25% national potential in power generation. [35] Terms of office run for five years, unless the Assembly is dissolved prior to the completion of the term. Kala, C.P. After the winter season, the hillsides and orchards bloom with wild flowers, while gladiolas, carnations, marigolds,[27] roses, chrysanthemums, tulips and lilies are carefully cultivated. Himachal is known for its narrow-gauge railways. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. Western Pahari languages also known as Himachali languages are widely spoken in the state. [21], According to 2003 Forest Survey of India report, legally defined forest areas constitute 66.52% of the area of Himachal Pradesh. This destination offers surreal landscapes and a beautiful climate which makes travelers add a visit here in their bucket lists. Current Science, 89 (8): 1331–1338. Bestowed with Himalayan ranges, scenic landscapes, religious sites, and vibrant culture. [49] Expenditure on energy sector was 24.2% of the total in the Tenth Plan. As of the year 2009–2010, Himachal Pradesh joined the category of high female participation, recording a 46% share of NREGS (National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme) work days to women. Each year hundreds of festivals are celebrated throughout the world. Winter lasts from late November till mid-March. [citation needed], Most of the population, however, speak natively one or another of the Western Pahari languages (locally also known as Himachali or just Pahari), a subgroup of the Indo-Aryan languages that includes Bhattiyali, Bilaspuri, Chambeali, Churahi, Gaddi, Hinduri, Kangri, Kullu, Mahasu Pahari, Mandeali, Pahari Kinnauri, Pangwali, and Sirmauri. [17], Himachal became a Part 'C' state on 26 January 1950 with the implementation of the Constitution of India and the Lieutenant Governor was appointed. The state highly promotes tourism and people from all across the world travel to this destination for exploration. [88] The total fertility rate (TFR) per woman in 2015 stood at 1.7, one of the lowest in India. Himachal Pradesh is known for its endless natural beauty, supreme mountain ranges and several tourist spots. [70] Shimla, the state's capital, is home to Asia's only natural ice-skating rink. [15] They consolidated their military power and began to expand their territory. [57], Apple is the principal cash crop of the state grown principally in the districts of Shimla, Kinnaur, Kullu, Mandi, Chamba and some parts of Sirmaur and Lahaul-Spiti with an average annual production of five lakh tonnes and per hectare production of 8 to 10 tonnes. Kalpa, a typical town in Himachal Pradesh. Through their dance and music, the Himachali people entreat their gods during local festivals and other special occasions. The theme of their costumes is yellow, black and gold and is made smooth and shiny. Some of the most commonly spoken individual languages are Kangri, Mandeali, Kulvi, Chambeali, Bharmauri and Kinnauri. [24][25], Himachal is also said to be the fruit bowl of the country,[26] with orchards being widespread. [23] Lahaul-Spiti region of the state, being a cold desert, supports unique plants of medicinal value including Ferula jaeschkeana, Hyoscyamus niger, Lancea tibetica, and Saussurea bracteata. After independence, many of the hilly territories were organized as the Chief Commissioner's province of Himachal Pradesh which later became a union territory. The states of Chamba, Mandi and Bilaspur made good progress in many fields during the British rule. Kala, C.P. Hill stations like Shimla, Manali, Dharamshala, Dalhousie, Chamba, Khajjiar, Kullu and Kasauli are popular destinations for both domestic and foreign tourists. [118] The Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is another HP government initiative that not only aims for universal elementary education but also encourages communities to engage in the management of schools. Himachal Pradesh treks are also famous for there rough, sloppy and challenging terrains. [64] The rich hydropower resources of Himachal have resulted in the state becoming almost universally electrified with around 94.8% houses receiving electricity as of 2001, as compared to the national average of 55.9%. The most popular tourist destination in Himachal Pradesh is: Find which season suits you the best to travel to Himachal Pradesh. [15] Gradually, the Kingdom of Nepal annexed Sirmour and Shimla. Sunshine on a snowy mountain at Himachal Pradesh. [121] Himachal Pradesh is an exception to the nationwide gender bias in education levels. These were known as the Simla Hills States and four Punjab southern hill states under the Himachal Pradesh (Administration) Order, 1948 under Sections 3 and 4 of the Extra-Provincial Jurisdiction Act, 1947 (later renamed as the Foreign Jurisdiction Act, 1947 vide A.O. Mostly the passionate trekkers, from around the globe, list trekking in Himachal as one of … On March 24, 1952 became first Chief Minister of H.P. For your information, Himachal Pradesh … [93] The infant mortality rate stood at 40 in 2010, and the crude birth rate has declined from 37.3 in 1971 to 16.9 in 2010, below the national average of 26.5 in 1998. [54] The main cereals grown include wheat, maize, rice and barley with major cropping systems being maize-wheat, rice-wheat and maize-potato-wheat. [115] Non-vegetarian food is more preferred and accepted in Himachal Pradesh than elsewhere in India, partly due to the scarcity of fresh vegetables on the hilly terrain of the state. [64] Himachal's hydro-electric power production is however yet to be fully utilised:[65] The identified hydroelectric potential for the state is 27,436 MW in five river basins[63] while the hydroelectric capacity in 2016 was 10,351 MW. [82] Some roads are closed during winter and monsoon seasons due to snow and landslides. [54] It is the main source of income and employment in Himachal. The judiciary is composed of the Himachal Pradesh High Court and a system of lower courts. [76] It is an electrified track since 1999. [108] The colour of the Himachali caps has been an indicator of political loyalties in the hill state for a long period of time with Congress party leaders like Virbhadra Singh donning caps with green band and the rival BJP leader Prem Kumar Dhumal wearing a cap with maroon band. [15], During the Vedic period, several small republics known as Janapada existed which were later conquered by the Gupta Empire. [84], Himachal Pradesh has a total population of 6,864,602 including 3,481,873 males and 3,382,729 females according to the Census of India 2011. Kala, C.P. Universal suffrage is granted to residents. [15] The British gradually emerged as the paramount power in the region. On the first night we concluded that we will initially visit the “Mahasu Peak” in Kufri and in the early evening we will head towards the … The state-owned Himachal Road Transport Corporation with a fleet of over 3,100,[83] operates bus services connecting important cities and towns with villages within the state and also on various interstate routes. [128] CSK Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishwavidyalya Palampur is one of the most renowned hill agriculture institutes in the world. Snowy mountain range appears to be in sky. [10] Through its history, the region was mostly ruled by local kingdoms some of which accepted the suzerainty of larger empires. The state shares a border to the east with the Tibet Autonomous Region in China. [105][106][107] Of late, the demand for these handicrafts has increased within and outside the country. [87] The sex ratio stood at 972 females per 1,000 males, recording a marginal increase from 968 in 2001. Which are the most famous wildlife sanctuaries in Himachal Pradesh? [81] Hamirpur district has the highest road density in the country. [115] Lentils (Dāl), rice (Chāwal or Bhāț), vegetables (Sabzī) and chapati (wheat flatbread) form the staple food of the local population. Owing to the huge production of apples, Himachal Pradesh is also known as the 'State of Apples'. [18], The drainage system of Himachal is composed both of rivers and glaciers. The Himalayas attracts tourists from all over the world. The region also has some of the oldest Buddhist Monasteries in the world [112], Apart from national fairs and festivals, there are regional fairs and festivals, including the temple fairs in nearly every region that are of great significance to Himachal Pradesh. In the assembly elections held in November 2017, the BJP secured an absolute majority, winning 44 of the 68 seats while the Congress won only 21 of the 68 seats. The history of Himachal Pradesh is as ancient as its own history of human existence. Besides these, there is a Government Dental College in Shimla which is the state's first recognised dental institute.[127]. However, Raja Ram Singh, Raja of Siba State, captured the fort of Siba from the remnants of Lahore Darbar in Samvat 1846,[15] during the First Anglo-Sikh War. With remarkable economic and social advancements, the state has changed rapidly. About 90% of the population in Himachal depends directly upon agriculture, which provides direct employment to 62% of total workers of state. Himachal is also known for its adventure tourism activities like ice skating in Shimla, paragliding in Bir Billing and Solang valley, rafting in Kullu, skiing in Manali, boating in Bilaspur and trekking, horse riding and fishing in different parts in the state. The state is … I will start from kinnour .on new Himachal Pradesh is quickly becoming a famous destination for sports and adventure lovers in India. Among these were the states of Kangra, Jaswan, Datarpur, Guler, Rajgarh, Nurpur, Chamba, Suket, Mandi, and Bilaspur. (Yamuna, Satluj, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Himurja), 237,250 persons, annual expenditure: over, Employment generated in government sector, Bhanupali (Punjab) - Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 13:31. Saurabh Van Vihar, a famous tourist spot in Himachal Pradesh’s Palampur is all set to welcome tourists again. Of rare and endangered medicinal plants of Indian Trans-Himalaya: Focus on Tibetan Use of medicinal.... Gods during local festivals and other special occasions Himachal and it was ultimately full! Sultanate a number of forts and fought many battles they are protected by an extensive cover of vegetation. 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